ارزیابی ویژگیهای روانسنجی مقیاس سبک شنیداری زوجین در نمونه ایرانی

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪف ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ وﯾﮋﮔﯽ­ﻫﺎی روان ﺳﻨﺠﯽ (رواﯾﯽ و ﭘﺎﯾﺎﯾﯽ) ﻣﻘﯿﺎس سبک شنیداری زوجین انجام شد. روش پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه زوجین شهر اصفهان بود که از این تعداد 200 نفر به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و به پرسشنامه­های سبک شنیداری زوجین (دوئل، 2003) و نیاز به شناخت (کاچیوپو و همکاران، 1984) پاسخ دادند. ﺑﺮای ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ رواﯾﯽ ﺳﺎزه اﯾﻦ مقیاس از روش ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﯽ ﺗﺄﯾﯿﺪی، ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻧﯽ دروﻧﯽ و همبستگی با پرسشنامه نیاز به شناخت و ﺑﺮای ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﭘﺎﯾﺎﯾﯽ ﻣﻘﯿﺎس نیز ﺿﺮﯾﺐ آﻟﻔﺎی ﮐﺮوﻧﺒﺎخ ﻣﻮرد اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﻗﺮار ﮔﺮﻓﺖ. یاﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﺎی پژوهش نشان داد ﻣﺪل ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﯽ ﺗﺄﯾﯿﺪی ﺣﺎﮐﯽ از ﺑﺮازش ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ داده­ﻫﺎی ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎر ﻋﺎﻣﻠﯽ ﻣﻘﯿﺎس سبک شنیداری ﻣﯽ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ. ﻫﻤﭽﻨﯿﻦ روش ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻧﯽ دروﻧﯽ ﻧﯿﺰ ﺑﯿﺎﻧﮕﺮ رواﯾﯽ ﺳﺎزه اﯾﻦ ﻣﻘﯿﺎس اﺳﺖ. ﺿﺮﯾﺐ آﻟﻔﺎی ﮐﺮوﻧﺒﺎخ ﺑﻪ دﺳﺖ آﻣﺪه ﻧﯿﺰ ﺑﯿﺎﻧﮕﺮ ﺛﺒﺎت اﻧﺪازه­ﮔﯿﺮی ﻣﻘﯿﺎس سبک شنیداری ﻣﯽ­ﺑﺎﺷﺪ. همچنین ضریب همبستگی بین سبک شنیداری درک کردن و نیاز به شناخت در سطح 01/0 و با سبک شنیداری پاسخ دادن به صورت معکوس و در سطح 05/0 معنادار به دست آمد. ﺑﺮ اساس اﯾﻦ ﻧﺘﺎﯾﺞ ﻣﯽ­توان ﻣﻘﯿﺎس سبک شنیداری دوئل را ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮان ﯾﮏ اﺑﺰار اﻧﺪازه­ﮔﯿﺮی ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ در ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ­ﻫﺎی ﻣﺮﺑﻮط ﺑﻪ زوجین ﻣﻮرد اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﻗﺮار داد.

عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the Listening Style Scale in Couples in an Iranian Sample

نویسندگان [English]

  • somayeh Pourmeidani
  • mahnaz mehrabizadeh
  • seyed esmaeil hashemi
  • zabiholah abbaspour
shahid chamran university of ahvaz
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties (validity and reliability) of the listening style scale in couples. The research method was descriptive correlational. The statistical population consisted of all couples in Isfahan. Of these, 200 persons were selected through accessible sampling method and responded to couples' listening style questionnaires (duel, 2003) and the need for cognition (Kaciopo et al, 1984). In order to investigate the construct validity of this scale, was used of confirmatory factor analysis method, internal consistency and correlation with the questionnaire need for cognition and for the reliability of the scale, the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The findings of the study indicated that the confirmatory factor analysis model indicated the appropriate fitting of the research data with the functional structure of the listening style scale. Also, the internal consistency method expresses the structure validity of this scale. The obtained Cronbach's alpha coefficient also indicates the stability of the listening style scale. Correlation coefficients was significant between comprehension listening style and need for cognition at the level of 0.01 and with respond listening style at the level of 0.05. Based on these results, we can use the listening style scale of duel as a suitable measurement tool in couples research.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • listening style- psychometric properties- confirmatory factor analysis- couples
  1. Barrett-Lennard, G.T. (1988). Listening. Person-Centered Review. 3, 410-425.
  2. Bodenmann, G., Meuwly, N., & Kayser, K. (2011). Two conceptualization of dyadic coping and their potential for predicting relationship quality and individual well-being. European psychologist, 16 (4), 255-266.
  3. Cacioppo, J.T., Petty, R.E., Feinstein, J.A., & Jarvis, W.B.G. (1996). “Dispositional differences in cognitive motivation: The life and times of individuals varying in need for cognition”. Psychological Bulletin, 119, 197-253.
  4. Doell, F. K. (2003). Partners’ listening styles and relationship satisfaction: listening to understand vs. Listening to respond. Thesis submitted for the degree of Master of Arts. Graduate Programme in Psychology York University Toronto, Ontario.
  5. Doell, F. (1997). Listening to understand: The development of a self-report measure of listening styles in committed relationships. Unpublished bachelor’s thesis, York University, Toronto, Canada.
  6. Epstein, S.E., Pacini, R., Denes-Raj, V., & Heier, H. (1996). Individual differences in intuitive-experiential and analytical-rational thinking styles. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 390-405.
  7. Finkel, E. J., Hui, C. M., Carswell, K. L., & Larson, G. M. (2014). The suffocation of marriage: climbing mount masloe without enough oxygen. Psycho Inq, 25, 1-41.
  8. Murat Yalcin, B., & karaban, T. F. (2007). Effect of a couple communication program on marital adjustment. The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 20 (1), 36-44.
  9. Nickerson, R.S. (2001). The projective way of knowing: A useful heuristic that sometimes misleads. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10.168-172.
  10. Nussbaum, E.M., & Bendixen, L.D. (2003). “Approaching and avoiding arguments: The role of epistemological beliefs, need for cognition, and extraverted personality traits”. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 28, 573-595.
  11. Proulx, C. M., Helms, H. M., & Buehler, C. (2007). Marital quality and personal well being: A meta analysis, Journal of Marriage and family, 69(3), 576-593.
  12. Rogers, C.R. (1952). Communication: Its blocking and its facilitation. Etc, 9, 83-88.
  13. Taraban, L., Shaw, D. S., Leve, L. D., Wilson, M. N., Dishion, T. J., Natsuaki, M. N., et al. (2017). Maternal depression and parenting in early childhood: Contextual influence of marital quality and social support in two samples. Dev Psychol, 53(3), 436–449.
  14. Thompson, P. A., & Schrodt, P. (2015). Perceptions of joint family storytelling as mediators of family communication patterns and family strengths. Communication Quarterly, 63, 405-426.
  15. Traa, M. J., Jolanda De Vries, J. D., Bodenmann, G., & Oudsten, B. L. (2014). Dyadic coping and relationship functioning in couples coping with cancer: A systematic review. Health Psychology, 20 (1), 85-114.