New Light on the Coptic Manichaean Synaxeis A Codicological and Textological Survey (With Two Appendices)


The Coptic cunaxic (σύναξις, Synaxeis), wherein come the twentytwo
chapter titles of each logoc (logos, chapter) of the peuaggelion
etan=h (the Living Gospel,) found in Egypt (Fayyūm), contains only
page-headers and is only partly legible. It helps us to reconstruct parts
of the contents of Mānī’s Living Gospel. Although the remaining text
of the Middle Persian version of the Living Gospel contains only a part
of the first chapter, the Synaxeis containing 22 logia lets us know that
at least the ‘second Meeting’ (synaxis) of its sixth Discourse (logos, i.e.
chapter) dealt with the Great Builder (Syr. bn rbʾ; MP rʾz ʿy wzrg) and
that the content of the ninth chapter was about ‘the coming of Jesus the
Christ’. The new editions of the codex are of enormous value, giving us
new, previously unimaginable information.

Coptic Synaxeis, Manichaean Codex, Mānī’s Gospel, reconstruction.


Böhlig, Alexander. 1968. “Zu den Synaxeis des lebendigen Evangeliums.” In Mysterion und Wahrheit. Gesammelte Beiträge zur

spätantiken Religionsgeschichte, Collected Essays, Leiden.

Durkin-Meisterernst, Desmond and Enrico Morano, eds. 2010. Mani’s Psalms. Middle Persian, Parthian and Sogdian Texts in the Turfan

Collection. Turnhout (BTT XXVII).

Funk, Wolf-Peter. 2009. “Mani’s Account of Other Religions according to the Coptic Synaxeis Codex.” In New Light in Manichaeism. Papers

from the Sixth International Congress on Manichaeism, edited by J. D. BeDuhn, 115-127. Leiden: Brill.

King, Karen. 1992. “A Progress Report on the Editing of the Manichaean Synaxeis Codex.” In Acts du IVe Congrès copte. Vol. II:

De la linguistique au gnosticisme, edited by M. Rassart-Debregh and J. Ries, 281-288. Louvain-la-Veuve.

Koenen, Ludwig and Cornelia. Römer, eds. 1988. Der Kölner Mani-Kodex (Über das Werden seines Leibes), Kritische Edition aufgrund

der von A. Henrichs und L. Koenen besorgten Erstedition. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.

Lieu, Samuel N.C. 1994. Manichaeism in Mesopotamia and the Roman East. Leiden: Brill.

Mirecki, Paul A. 1988. “The Coptic Manichaean Synaxeis Codex: Descriptive Catalogue of Synaxeis Chapter Titles.” In Manichaean Studies. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Manichaeism, August 5-6, 1987 Lund University, Sweden, edited by Peter Bryder, 135-145. Lund: Plus Ultra.

———. 1994. “The Coptic Manichaean Synaxeis Codex. Codicology and Intertextuality.” In Gnosisforschung und Religionsgeschichte.

Festschrift für Kurt Rudolph zum 65. Geburtstag, edited Preissler, Holger, Seiwert, Hubert and Heinz Mürmel, 199-207. Marburg,

Morano see Durkin-Meisterernst 2010.

Sundermann, Werner. 1979. “Namen von Göttern, Dämonen und Menschen in iranischen Versionen des manichäischen Mythos.” Altorientalische Forschungen 6: 95–133.

van Lindt, Paul. 1992. The Names of Manichaean Mythological Figures: A Comparative Study on Terminology in the Coptic Sources.

Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz

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