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پیش‌بینی خودشناسي انسجامي فرزندان براساس ویژگی‌های فرزندپروري والدين
محمدعلي بشارت, سعیده بزازیان, نيما قرباني, مهساسادات اصغري

چکیده
در اين پژوهش، رابطه ویژگی‌های فرزندپروري والدين با خودشناسي انسجامي فرزندان مورد بررسي قرار گرفت. هدف، آزمودن قدرت پیش‌بینی خودشناسي انسجامي فرزندان بر اساس ویژگی‌های مشارکت، حمايت از خودپيروي و مهرورزي والدين در يک نمونه دانشجويي بود. تعداد 352 دانشجو (142 پسر،  210 دختر) از مقطع کارشناسي دانشگاه تهران در اين پژوهش شرکت کردند.

از آزمودني‌ها خواسته شد مقياس ادراک از والدين (PPS) و مقياس خودشناسي انسجامـي (ISKS) را تکميل کنند. نتايج نشان داد که ویژگی‌های حمايت والدين از خودپيروي و مهرورزي والدين با خودشناسي انسجامي رابطه مثبت معنادار دارند. تحليل رگرسيون نشان داد که به ترتيب ویژگی مهرورزی مادر و حمايت پدر از خودپيروي مي‌توانند تغييرات مربوط به خودشناسي انسجامي را پيش‌بيني کنند. بر اساس یافته‌های این پژوهش می‌توان نتيجه گرفت که ویژگی‌های فرزندپروری والدین به شکل‌های گوناگون و احتمالاً بر حسب مکانیسم‌های متفاوت، خودشناسی انسجامی فرزندان را تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهند. این ویژگی‌ها هم‌چنین تحت تأثیر متغیرهای فرهنگی هستند.

واژگان کلیدی
خانواده، مشارکت، خودپيروي، مهرورزي، خودشناسي

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