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رابطه ساختاری بین استرسور، استرس ادراک‌شده، منابع حمایتی و سازگاری مادران کودکان با ناتوانی هوشی: نقش واسطه‌ای سبک‌های مقابله‌ای بر اساس مدل Double ABCX

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر باهدف ارزیابی سازگاری مادران دارای کودک ناتوان هوشی بر اساس مدل Double ABCX انجام‌شده است. بر اساس این مدل چندوجهی، رابطه سازگاری مادران با مشکلات رفتاری کودکان، منابع حمایتی و استرس ادراک‌شده مادران با نقش واسطه‌ای سبک‌های مقابله‌ای موردمطالعه قرارگرفته است. جامعه آماری شامل مادران دارای کودک ناتوان هوشی بودند که تعداد ۲۶۰ نفر در این پژوهش مشارکت داشتند. داده‌ها از طریق پرسشنامه‌های مشکلات رفتاری راتر، استرس ادراک‌شده (PSS-14)، عزت‌نفس رزنبرگ، مقیاس چندبعدی حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده (MSPSS)، منابع خانواده (FRS)، سبک‌های مقابله‌ای (WOCQ) و مقیاس بهزیستی روان‌شناختی ریف گردآوری شد و با استفاده از مدل یابی معادلات ساختاری و از روش برآورد بیشینه درست نمایی به برآورد پارامترها و ضرایب مسیر پرداخته شد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که مدل استفاده‌شده، برازش خوبی با داده‌های تجربی دارد. همچنین بررسی ضرایب مسیر نشان می‌دهد که منابع خانواده تأثیر مستقیم و معنی‌داری بر استرس ادراک‌شده و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی مادران دارد و سبک‌های مقابله‌ای در رابطه بین استرسور، استرس ادراک‌شده و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی نقش واسطه‌ای دارد. نتایج این پژوهش ارزشمندی مدل دوگانه‌ی ای بی سی ایکس را به‌عنوان یک الگوی چندوجهی در تبیین سازگاری مادران کودکان ناتوان هوشی مشخص می‌کند. همچنین نتایج پژوهش رهنمودهای مفیدی برای مداخله فراهم کرده است.

واژگان کلیدی
ناتوانی هوشی- سبک‌های مقابله‌ای- مدل دوگانه‌ای بی سی ایکس- سازگاری

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