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بررسی تاثیردرگیری خانواده در اثر بخشی رفتار درمانی دیالکتیک (DBT) کوتاه مدت بر بهبود نوجوانان دختر دارای علایم اختلال شخصیت مرزی
فاطمه آذرفر, شاهرخ مکوند حسینی, پرویز صباحی

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تاثیردرگیری خانواده در درمان با  اجرای گروهی فنون رفتار درمانی دیالکتیکی (DBT) به صورت کوتاه مدت به نوجوانان دختر دارای علایم اختلال شخصیت مرزی با حضور و عدم حضور مادران آنها بود. نمونه ای 46 نفره  پس از غربالگری انتخاب و  به روش تصادفی ساده به سه گروه: 1-آزمایش یک ( دختران نوجوان) 2- آزمایش دو (دختران نوجوان و مادرانشان) و 3- گروه کنترل (دختران نوجوان)، تقسیم شدند و مقیاس هنجار شده ویژگی های شخصیت مرزی کودکان(BPFS-C ) را در سه مرحله پیش آزمون، پس آزمون و پی گیری تکمیل کردند. داده های بدست آمده،  با استفاده از روش آماری تحلیل واریانس یک طرفه با اندازه گیری های مکرر تغییرات معناداری نشان نداد. تغییرات میانگین در گروه آزمایش یک و دو مشاهده شد اما در گروه  دوم که دختران نوجوان همراه با مادرانشان فنون درمانی را دریافت می کردند تغییرات درمانی بسیار برجسته تر بود. مولفه های بی ثباتی عاطفی ، مشکلات هویت، روابط منفی و خود جرحی  تغییر کرده بودند. نتیجه این که درمان دیالکتیکی برای نوجوانان مرزی مفید و تاثیر گذار است و حضور مادران در درمان اثربخشی درمان را در این نوجوانان افزایش می دهد و قابل توصیه به متخصصان بالینی می باشد.

واژگان کلیدی
خانواده –رفتار درمانی دیالکتیک - اختلال شخصیت مرزی- دختران نوجوان

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