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اثربخشی آموزش والدین مبتنی بر نظریه دلبستگی بر افزایش کیفیت مراقبت مادران کودکان مضطرب پیش‌دبستانی
سعید قنبری, محمدکریم خداپناهی, محمدعلی مظاهری, مسعود غلامعلی لواسانی

چکیده
هدف این پژوهش تعیین اثربخشی بسته روش آموزش والدین مبتنی بر نظریه دلبستگی بر افزایش کیفیت مراقبت مادران دارای کودکان مضطرب پیش‌دبستانی بود. برای شناخت اثربخشی این بسته 278 نفر از مادران کودکان 2 تا 6 سال از 6 مهدکودک شهر تهران که به روش نمونه-برداری خوشه‌ای در دسترس انتخاب شده بودند، مقیاس اضطراب کودکان پیش‌دبستانی را تکمیل کردند. با توجه به نمره افراد در این مقیاس و در نظر گرفتن دیگر ملاک‌های خروج و ورود به پژوهش در نهایت 61 نفر به عنوان نمونه پژوهش انتخاب شده و 30 نفر در گروه آزمایش و 31 نفر در گروه مقایسه قرار گرفتند. بسته آموزش والدین مبتنی بر نظریه دلبستگی در طول 8 جلسه گروهی هفتگی (8 تا 12 نفر در هر گروه) در مهدکودک-ها به مادران گروه آزمایش ارائه شد. پس از پایان جلسات آموزشی و 3 ماه پس از آن مقیاس کیفیت مراقبتی مادر به وسیله دو گروه تکمیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که بسته آموزش والدین حساس بودن، پاسخ‌دهی و هم‌چنین دسترس-پذیری هیجانی مادران گروه آزمایش را افزایش و تعارض و سردرگمی آن‌ها را کاهش داده است و هم‌چنین پیگیری نتایج نشان داد که این تغییرات در طول 3 ماه ثبات داشته است. بر مبنای یافته-ها، بسته آموزش والدین می‌تواند در موقعیت‌های بالینی برای افزایش کیفیت مراقبت مادران و ارتقای روابط مادر ـ کودک مورد استفاده قرار گرفته و مفید باشد
واژگان کلیدی
آموزش والدین، دلبستگی، حساس بودن، پاسخ‌دهی، دسترس‌پذیری، تعارض و سردرگمی.

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