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معناداری اثربخشی آموزش والدین کودکان نافرمان بر روش‌های فرزندپروری مادران و مشکلات رفتاری کودکان
حمیده حاجی سیدرضی, منوچهر ازخوش, کارینه طهماسیان, مریم بیات, اکبر بیگلریان

چکیده
گروه نمونه شامل 25 مادر (میانگین سنی 30 سال) مراجعه‌کننده به خانه‌های سلامت و اسباب‌بازی منطقه 10 شهرداری تهران، دارای کودک 4-6 سال و داوطلب شرکت در پژوهش بود که به دو گروه (آزمایش 13 و گواه 12 نفر) تقسیم شدند. در مرحله پیش‌آزمون، دو گروه سیاهه رفتاری والدین و نیز سیاهه رفتاری کودک آیبرگ را تکمیل کردند. 6 جلسه برنامه آموزش والدین در طول 2 ساعت برای گروه آزمایش اجرا شد. نتایج حاصل از مقایسه میانگین پس‌آزمون گروه‌ها با تحلیل کوواریانس، نشان داد برنامه آموزش والدین، بهبود روش‌های فرزندپروری و بعد کنترل قاطعانه مادران گروه آزمایش را به دنبال داشت. تفاوت معناداری در دیگر ابعاد روش‌های فرزندپروری و مشکلات رفتاری کودکان بین گروه‌های آزمایشی و گواه مشاهده نشد. یافته‌های پژوهش بر پایه مفهوم روش‌ها و ابعاد فرزندپروری، نقش تفاوت‌های فرهنگی، شیوه و مؤلفه برنامه‌های آموزش والدین و نیز عامل زمان و ابزار مورد بحث قرار گرفته‌است. به منظور بهبود روش‌های فرزندپروری مادران و کاهش مشکلات رفتاری کودکان بر اساس برنامه «فرزندپروری کودک نافرمان» (لانگ و فورهند، 2002) مطالعه‌ای شبه‌آزمایشی از نوع گروه‌های نامعادل انجام شد.
واژگان کلیدی
برنامه "فرزندپروری کودک نافرمان"، روش‌های فرزندپروری، مشکلات رفتاری کودکان

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