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پيش‌بيني كمال‌گرايي بهنجار و نوروتيك دختران توسط ابعاد كمال‌گرايي مادران و الگوهاي ارتباطي خانواده
لادن هاشمی, مرتضی لطیفیان

چکیده
هدف تحقيق حاضر بررسي نقش كمال‌گرايي مادران و الگوهاي ارتباطات خانواده در پيش‌بيني كمال‌گرايي بهنجار و نوروتيك فرزندان است. 200 دانش‌آموز دختر مقطع پيش‌دانشگاهي و مادرانشان شركت‌كنندگان در پژوهش بودند و مقياس چندبعدي كمال‌گرايي (فراست و همكاران،1990) و ابزار تجديدنظر شده الگوي ارتباطات خانواده (فيتزپاتريك و ريچي،1990) را تكميل كردند، ابزارها روايي و پايايي مطلوبي نشان دادند.یافته‌ها حاکی از آن بود که كمال‌گرايي نوروتيك و بهنجار مادران به ترتيب قادر به پيش‌بيني كمال‌گرايي نوروتيك و بهنجار دختران مي‌باشد. از ابعاد الگوهاي ارتباطي خانواده نيز بعد جهت‌گيري همنوايي، پيش‌بيني‌كننده مثبت و معنادار كمال-گرايي نوروتيك است. در مجموع، يافته‌ها مؤيد انتقال بين نسلي كمال‌گرايي مي‌باشد که نشان می‌دهد ويژگي‌هاي شخصيتي والدين و نحوه تعاملات اعضاي خانواده به‌ويژه والدين زمينه‌ساز شكل‌گيري ويژگي شخصيتي كمال‌گرايي و تعيين نوع بهنجار يا نوروتيك آن مي‌باشد.
واژگان کلیدی
ريشه‌هاي رشدي، كمال‌گرايي بهنجار، كمال‌گرايي نوروتيك، الگوهاي ارتباطي خانواده

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