palette
پیش بینی تاب آوری افراد مقیم در مراکز شبه خانواده از طریق ویژگی های جمعیت شناختی خانواده اولیه و کیفیت رابطه با همسالان
زیور سلطانی قهفرخی, مریم صالح زاده, سمانه اسعدی

چکیده

چکیده:

هدف کلی از پژوهش حاضر، شناسایی رابطه ویژگی‌های خانواده اولیه و کیفیت تعامل با همسالان با تاب آوری و آسیب‌پذیری در کودکان و نوجوانان مقیم در مراکز شبه خانواده بود. شرکت‌کنندگان در پژوهش شامل 100 نفر از کودکان و نوجوانان مراکز شبه‌خانواده استان اصفهان بودند که با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند.  به منظور جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه تاب‌آوری کودکان و نوجوانان (RSCA)، پرسشنامه دلبستگی به والدین و همسالان (IPPA) و پرسشنامه محقق ساخته استفاده شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون همبستگی و رگرسیون، آزمون t-مستقل و تحلیل واریانس یکراهه مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد متغیر‌های‌ اعتماد و ارتباط پیش‌بینی کننده های مثبت و مدت زندگی قبلی با مادر پیش‌بینی کننده‌ منفی تاب‌آوری کودکان و نوجوانان مراکز شبه خانواده؛ متغیر‌ مدت زندگی قبلی با مادر پیش‌بینی کننده‌ مثبت و دلبستگی به همسالان پیش‌بینی‌کننده‌ منفی آسیب‌پذیری کودکان و نوجوانان مراکز شبه‌خانواده بودند. یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر، علاوه بر کمک به غنای مباحث نظری حوزه تاب آوری، با شناسایی عوامل پیش بینی کننده تاب‌آوری کودکان و نوجوانان مراکز شبه خانواده در حوزه خانواده و همسالان می‌تواند برای مراکز و سازمان های حمایتی و درمانی- خدماتی پذیرای کودکان و نوجوانان بی/ بد سرپرست تلویحات کاربردی قابل توجهی داشته باشد.

واژگان کلیدی
تاب‌آوری- آسیب‌پذیری- خانواده- همسالان- مراکز شبه‌خانواده

منابع و مآخذ مقاله

Books

• English:

Bolger, K. E., & Patterson, C. J. (2003). Sequelae of child maltreatment: Vulnerability and resilience. Resilience and vulnerability: Adaptation in the context of childhood adversities, 156-181.

Fergusson, D. M., & Horwood, L. J. (2003). Resilience to childhood adversity: Results of a 21-year study. Resilience and vulnerability: Adaptation in the context of childhood adversities, 130-155.

Layne, C. M., Warren, J. S., Watson, P. J., & Shalev, A. Y. (2007). Risk, vulnerability, resistance, and resilience: Towards an integrative conceptualization of posttraumatic adaptation. Handbook of PTSD: Science and practice, 497-520.

Lerner, R. M. (2005). Promoting positive youth development: Theoretical and empirical bases. DC: National Academies of Science.

Masten, A. S., Powell, J. L., & Luthar, S. S. (2003). A resilience framework for research, policy, and practice. Resilience and vulnerability: Adaptation in the context of childhood adversities, 1-25.

Prince-Embury, S. (2007). Resiliency scales for children and adolescents: A profile of personal strengths manual. San Antonio, TX: Harcourt Assessment.

Rettew, D. C. (2008). Temperament and child psychopathology: beyond associations. Developmental psychopathology and wellness: Genetic and environmental influences, 67-84.

Sroufe, L. A., Egeland, B., Carlson, E. A., & Collins, W. A. (2005). The development of the person: The Minnesota study of risk and adaptation from birth to adulthood. New York, NY: Guilford.

Wemer, E. E., & Smith, R. S. (1982). Vulnerable but invincible: A study of resilient children. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Werner, E. E., & Smith, R. S. (1992). Overcoming the odds: High risk children from birth to adulthood. Cornell University Press.

• Persian:

Hnrymasn, Paul, Kagan, Jerome, Carol Houston, Alta and Kanjr, Janjynvy (2014). Growth and personality of the child (Translation Mahshid Yasaii). Tehran: Publication Center (Bita) [in Persian]..

Papers

• English:

Bell, T., Romano, E., & Flynn, R. J. (2015). Profiles and predictors of behavioral resilience among children in child welfare. Child abuse & neglect, 48, 92-103.

Block, J., & Block, J. H. (2006). Nursery school personality and political orientation two decades later. Journal of Research in Personality, 40(5), 734-749.

Brooks, R. B. (1994). Children at risk: Fostering resilience and hope. American

Orthopsychiatric Association, 64(4), 545–554.

Bonanno, G. A., & Diminich, E. D. (2013). Annual Research Review: Positive adjustment to adversity–trajectories of minimal–impact resilience and emergent resilience. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(4), 378-401.

Cicchetti, D. (2013). Annual research review: Resilient functioning in maltreated children–past, present, and future perspectives. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(4), 402-422.

Cicchetti, D., & Garmezy, N. (1993). Prospects and promises in the study of resilience. Development and psychopathology, 5(04), 497-502.

Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F. A. (1997). The role of self-organization in the promotion of resilience in maltreated children. Development and psychopathology, 9(04), 797-815.

Crick, N. R., & Dodge, K. A. (1994). A review and reformulation of social information-processing mechanisms in children's social adjustment. Psychological bulletin, 115(1), 74.

Crosnoe, R. (2000). Friendships in childhood and adolescence: The life course and new directions. Social Psychology Quarterly, 63, 377–391.

Collishaw, S., Pickles, A., Messer, J., Rutter, M., Shearer, C., & Maughan, B. (2007). Resilience to adult psychopathology following childhood maltreatment: Evidence from a community sample. Child abuse & neglect, 31(3), 211-229.

Derauf, C., LaGasse, L., Smith, L., Newman, E., Shah, R., Arria, A., ... & Dansereau, L. (2011). Infant temperament and high risk environment relate to behavior problems and language in toddlers. Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics, 32(2), 125.

Dunn, J., Cheng, H., O'Connor, T. G., & Bridges, L. (2004). Children's perspectives on their relationships with their nonresident fathers: Influences, outcomes and implications. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(3), 553-566.

Edwards, O. W., Mumford, V. E., & Serra-Roldan, R. (2007). A positive youth

development model for students considered at-risk. School Psychology International, 28(1), 29–44.

Egeland, B., Carlson, E., & Sroufe, L. A. (1993). Resilience as process. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 517–528.

Egeland, B., Pianta, R., & O'brien, M. A. (1993). Maternal intrusiveness in infancy and child maladaptation in early school years. Development and Psychopathology, 5(03), 359-370.

Erickson, M. F., Sroufe, L. A., & Egeland, B. (1985). The relationship between quality of attachment and behavior problems in preschool in a high-risk sample. Monographs of the society for research in child development, 147-166.

Fonagy P, Steele M, Steele H, Higgit A and Target M. (1994). The theory and practice of resilience. Journal ofChild Psychology and Psychiatry ,35(2), 231-57.

Ge, X., Natsuaki, M. N., Neiderhiser, J. M., & Reiss, D. (2009). The longitudinal effects of stressful life events on adolescent depression are buffered by parent–child closeness. Development and psychopathology, 21(02), 621-635.

Gilligan, R. (1997). Beyond permanence? The importance of resilience in child placement practice and planning. Adoption & Fostering, 21(1), 12-20.

Horner, K. L. (1998). Individuality in vulnerability. Journal of Health Psychology, 3(1), 71-85.

Kassis, W., Artz, S., Scambor, C., Scambor, E., & Moldenhauer, S. (2013). Finding the way out: A non-dichotomous understanding of violence and depression resilence of adolescents who are exposed to family violence. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37, 181–199.

Khoshaba, D. M., & Maddi, S. R. (1999). Early experiences in hardiness development. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 51(2), 106–116.

Kim, J., & Cicchetti, D. (2004). A longitudinal study of child maltreatment, mother–child relationship quality and maladjustment: The role of self-esteem and social competence. Journal of abnormal child psychology, 32(4), 341-354.

Jain, S., Buka, S. L., Subramanian, S. V., & Molnar, B. E. (2012). Protective factors for youth exposed to violence role of developmental assets in building emotional resilience. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 10(1), 107-129.

Jaffee, S. R., & Gallop, R. (2007). Social, emotional, and academic competence among children who have had contact with child protective services: Prevalence and stability estimates. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46,757–765.

Lee, T. Y. (2006). Resilience as a positive youth development construct: Conceptual bases and implications for curriculum development. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 18(3), 475–482.

Leffert, N., Benson, P. L., Scales, P. C., Sharma, A. R., Drake, D. R., & Blyth, D. A. (1998). Developmental assets: Measurement and prediction of risk behaviors among adolescents. Applied Developmental Science,2, 209–230.

Lemay, R., & Ghazal, H. (2001). Resilience and positive psychology: finding hope. Child and Family, 5(1), 10-21.

Lowenthal, B. (1999). Effects of maltreatment and ways to promote children's resiliency. Childhood Education, 75(4), 204-209.

Luthar S. (1993). Annotation: methodological and conceptual issues in research on childhood resilience. Journal ofChild Psychology and Psychiatry( 34)4, 441-54.

Malmberg, L. E., & Flouri, E. (2011). The comparison and interdependence of maternal and paternal influences on young children's behavior and resilience. journal of clinical child & adolescent psychology, 40(3), 434-444.

Masten, A. S., Hubbard, J. J., Gest, S. D., Tellegen, A., Garmezy, N., & Ramirez, M. L. (1999). Competence in the context of adversity: Pathways to resilience and maladaptation from childhood to late adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 143–169.

Masten, A. S. (2001). Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development. American psychologist, 56(3), 227-238.

Miller-Lewis, L. R., Searle, A. K., Sawyer, M. G., Baghurst, P. A., & Hedley, D. (2013). Resource factors for mental health resilience in early childhood: An analysis with multiple methodologies. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health, 7(1), 6.

Nesmith, A., & Ruhland, E. (2008). Children of incarcerated parents: Challenges and resiliency, in their own words. Children and Youth Services Review, 30(10), 1119-1130.

Olsson, C. A., Bond, L., Burns, J. M., Vella-Brodrick, D. A., & Sawyer, S. M. (2003). Adolescent resilience: A concept analysis. Journal of adolescence, 26(1), 1-11.

Peisner‐Feinberg, E. S., Burchinal, M. R., Clifford, R. M., Culkin, M. L., Howes, C., Kagan, S. L., & Yazejian, N. (2001). The relation of preschool child‐care quality to children's cognitive and social developmental trajectories through second grade. Child development, 72(5), 1534-1553.

Pianta, R. C., & Walsh, D. J. (1998). Applying the construct of resilience in schools: Cautions from a developmental systems perspective. The School Psychology Review, 27(3), 407–417.

Prince-Embury, S. (2008). The resiliency scales for children and adolescents, psychological symptoms, and clinical status in adolescents. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 23(1), 41-56.

Rutter, M. (1985). Resilience in the face of adversity. Protective factors and resistance to psychiatric disorder. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 147(6), 598-611.

Rutter, M. (1989). Pathways from childhood to adult life. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 30(1), 23–51.

Rutter, M. (1979). Protective factors in children's responses to stress and disadvantage. Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore, 8(3), 324-345.

Ungar, M. (2011). The social ecology of resilience: Addressing contextual and cultural ambiguity of a nascent construct. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 81(1), 1-17.

Ungar, M. (2004). A constructionist discourse on resilience: Multiple contexts, multiple realities among atrisk children and youth. Youth and Society, 35, 341–365.

Ungar, M. (2008). Resilience across cultures. British Journal of Social Work, 38,

–235.

Ungar, M., Liebenberg, L., Dudding, P., Armstrong, M., & Van de Vijver, F. J. (2013). Patterns of service use, individual and contextual risk factors, and resilience among adolescents using multiple psychosocial services. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37(2), 150-159.

Ungar, M. (2012). Camps help make children resilient. Camping Magazine, 85(5), 24-27.

Ungar, M. (2015). Practitioner review: diagnosing childhood resilience–a systemic approach to the diagnosis of adaptation in adverse social and physical ecologies. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 56(1), 4-17.

Wolchik, S. A., Tein, J. Y., Sandler, I. N., & Ayers, T. S. (2006). Stressors, quality of the child–caregiver relationship, and children's mental health problems after parental death: The mediating role of self-system beliefs. Journal of abnormal child psychology, 34(2), 212-229.

Work, W. C., Cowen, E. L., Parker, G. R., & Wyman, P. A. (1990). Stress resilient children in an urban setting. Journal of Primary Prevention, 11(1), 3-17.

Wyman, P. A. (2003). Emerging perspectives on context specificity of children’s adaptation and resilience. Resilience and vulnerability: Adaptation in the context of childhood adversities, 293-317.

• Persian:

Behold, M. (1389). Victims of child abuse and neglect and dependency strategy game. Journal of School Counselor, 4, 15-13[in Persian].

Chaste, SH, Sydmvsvy, John, and Ghanbari, Said. (1390). The quality of attachment and Behavioral and Emotional Problems in Adolescents: The Role of the Father. Journal of Applied Psychology, 1, 100-85[in Persian].

Hejazi, goddess, Soleimani, Hamida. (2010). The quality of friendship, friendship reciprocity and resilience. Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 4(4), 325-319[in Persian].

Sharifian Thani, Maryam Karimi, Salah al-Din, tall, Hassan Mohammadi, F, and G. born, David. (2012). Determine the resilience of adolescents and young people against drug abuse. Journal of Social Welfare, 45, 422-411[in Persian].

Nasser Mohammed Abadi, Ali Asgari, A., Mars, F, S, R, Abedi, J.. (2012). Standardization of attachment to parents and peers Treasury revised questionnaire in children 9 to 11 years old in Isfahan. Journal of Clinical Psychology and Counseling, 2, 40-25[in Persian].

Zarezadeh Khyber, Shiva, Rafienia, Pleiades, and the minimum marriage, Mohsen. (1393). The Effectiveness of Expressive Art Group Therapy onIncreasing Behavioral and Emotional Components of Self-Concept of Children in Family-Like Community Centers. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2(22), 51-41[in Persian].

Dissertations

• English:

Alexander,J. R. (2013). Children and resiliency: an evaluation of the three principle bulding resiliency in youth program. Masters thesis, University of British Columbia.

• Persian

Foroughi, Maryam. (2011). Examine the relationship between family factors and resilience among high school children of the city. Master's thesis, University of Isfahan. [in Persian].

Reports

• Persian

Online Report

Office of Public Relations and International Affairs of the State Welfare Organization, 2016, [in Persian]. Retrieved from http://www.behzisti.ir/RContent/N5TV5F-9


ارجاعات
  • در حال حاضر ارجاعی نیست.